One of the classic examples in data science (called data mining at the time) is the beer and diapers example: when a big supermarket chain started analyzing their sales data they encountered not only trivial patterns, like toothbrushes and toothpaste being bought together but also quite strange combinations like beer and diapers. Now, the trivial ones are reassuring that the method works but what about the more extravagant ones? Does it mean that young parents are alcoholics? Or that instead of breastfeeding they give their babies beer? Obviously, they had to get to the bottom of this.
Continue reading “Customers who bought…”
Sorting values is one of the bread and butter tasks in computer science: this post uses it as a use case to learn what recursion is all about. It starts with some nerd humour… and ends with some more, so read on!
Continue reading “To understand Recursion you have to understand Recursion…”
One of the topics that is totally hyped at the moment is obviously Artificial Intelligence or AI for short. There are many self-proclaimed experts running around trying to sell you the stuff they have been doing all along under this new label.
When you ask them what AI means you will normally get some convoluted explanations (which is a good sign that they don’t get it themselves) and some “success stories”. The truth is that many of those talking heads don’t really know what they are talking about, yet happen to have a friend who knows somebody who picked up a book at the local station bookshop… ok, that was nasty but unfortunately often not too far away from the truth.
So, what is AI really? This post tries to give some guidance, so read on!
Continue reading “So, what is AI really?“
Data Science is all about building good models, so let us start by building a very simple model: we want to predict monthly income from age (in a later post we will see that age is indeed a good predictor for income).
Continue reading “Learning Data Science: Modelling Basics”
We are living in the era of Big Data but the problem of course is that the bigger our data sets become the slower even simple search operations get. I will now show you a trick that is the next best thing to magic: building a search function that practically doesn’t slow down even for large data sets… in base R!
Continue reading “Hash Me If You Can”
…the richest man on earth would have a fortune of no more than $43,000! If you don’t believe me read this post!
Continue reading “If wealth had anything to do with intelligence…”
Everything “neural” is (again) the latest craze in machine learning and artificial intelligence. Now what is the magic of artificial neural networks (ANNs)?
Continue reading “Understanding the Magic of Neural Networks”
Noseman is having a headache and as an old-school hypochondriac he goes to see his doctor. His doctor is quite worried and makes an appointment with a radiologist for Noseman to get a CT scan.
Continue reading “Understanding the Maths of Computed Tomography (CT) scans”
Happy New Year to all of you! Let us start the year with something for your inner maths nerd 🙂
During this time of year, there is obviously a lot of talk about the Bible. As most people know the New Testament comprises four different Gospels written by anonymous authors 40 to 70 years after Jesus’ supposed crucifixion. Unfortunately we have lost all of the originals but only retained copies of copies of copies (and so on) which date back hundreds of years after they were written in all kinds of different versions (renowned Biblical scholar Professor Bart Ehrmann states that there are more versions of the New Testament than there are words in the New Testament). Just as a fun fact: there are many more Gospels but only those four were included in the official Bible.
Continue reading “Clustering the Bible”